Costa Rica Official Press Kit

A well presented overview of the country by province

INDEX Press Kit Costa Rica
General information about the country……………………………………………………………………. 3
1.1 FACT SHEET…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4
1.2 ABOUT COSTA RICA……………………………………………………………………………….. 5
1.3 GEOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
1.4 HISTORY AND CULTURE ………………………………………………………………………. 10
Adventure………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
2.1 BEACHES ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 12
2.2 WATER SPORTS……………………………………………………………………………………… 15
2.3 FAMILY ACTIVITIES ……………………………………………………………………………… 18
Ecoturism………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 19
3.1 ECOTOURISM…………………………………………………………………………………………. 20
3.2 SUSTAINABILITY…………………………………………………………………………………… 22
3.3 Certification for Sustainable Tourism (CST)…………………………………………………. 23
3.4 VOLCANOES ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 24
3.5 NATIONAL PARKS…………………………………………………………………………………. 26
3.6 VOLUNTOURISM……………………………………………………………………………………. 31
3.7 BIRDING…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 37
CULTURE………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
4.1 COSTA RICA CALENDAR OF EVENTS…………………………………………………… 41
4.2 GASTRONOMY ………………………………………………………………………………………. 47
Wellness……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 50
5.1 COSTA RICA’S GIFT OF HAPPINESS: WELLNESS…………………………………. 51
Weddings ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 53
6.1 WEDDINGS AND HONEYMOONS IN COSTA RICA ……………………………….. 54
Meetings……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 56
7.1 MEETINGS & CONVENTIONS………………………………………………………………… 57
Costa Rica Press Materials…………………………………………………………………………………… 59

General
information about
the country

1.1 FACT SHEET
Location Costa Rica is located in Central America, south of Nicaragua and
north of Panama. The western side of the country is bordered by
the Pacific Ocean and the eastern side by the Caribbean Sea
Capital City San José
Population (est.) 4.8 million
Language The native language is Spanish and English is spoken throughout
various tourist areas of the country
Climate Temperatures range from 70 to 81 degrees all year round. While
many tropical countries have changing weather patterns that
affect the entire nation with different seasons, Costa Rica enjoys
12 different tropical microclimates that remain constant
throughout the year. The most common microclimate in Costa
Rica is the Tropical Moist Forest, which is filled with evergreen
trees and bountiful vines, but the Tropical Subalpine Rain
Páramo is a microclimate with temperatures ranging around 41º
and 57º Fahrenheit, with occasional snowfall and hail. The water
temperature on both coasts is at a reliable 28-29 degrees Celsius
(84°F)
Currency The national currency is the Costa Rican Colon (CRC), though U.S.
dollars and credit cards are widely accepted. The exchange rate
as of 2016 is approximately 536 CRC to $1, but can vary daily
International Airports San Jose: Juan Santamaría International Airport and Tobías
Bolaños International Airport
Liberia: Daniel Oduber International Airport
Airlines American Airlines, Air Canada, Alaska Airlines. Copa, Delta Air
Lines, jetBlue, Spirit Airlines, Avianca Airlines, United, U.S.
Airways and Westjet
Entry Requirements U.S. and Canadian citizens need a valid passport, an entry and exit
ticket and the exit tax is currently set at $29
Tourism Information For more information, please visit www.visitcostarica.com
Media Contacts Ines Cano / Gwen Salazar / Monica Kelly
Cheryl Andrews Marketing Communications
P: 305-444-4033
ines@cam-pr.com
gwen@cam-pr.com
monica@cam-pr.com

1.2 ABOUT COSTA RICA
Costa Rica is located in Central America, bordered on the east by the Caribbean Sea
and the west by the Pacific Ocean. Opportunities for adventure, relaxation, romance
and exploration are unlimited, making it one of the most visited international
destinations in the Western Hemisphere. With an abundance of unique wildlife,
landscapes and climates the country proudly shelters approximately five percent of
the existing biodiversity in the world, with protected areas comprising 26 percent of
its land mass.
The phrase “Pura Vida” can be heard echoing throughout Costa Rica from coast to
coast. Used as a greeting or expression of happiness, the phrase literally translates to
“pure life,” however its truer meaning is “full of life,” which accurately describes the
adventure and wonder that await visitors. Beach lovers, surfers, divers and anglers
quickly feel right at home along the coasts while couples and those in search of a
relaxing retreat are captivated and pampered by the country’s natural beauty and
diverse spas and retreats. Thrill seekers have met their match further inland as they
explore Costa Rica’s volcanoes, rain forests, cloud forests, and rivers primed for
white-water adventures. In order to protect and preserve such a wealth of natural
resources Costa Rica has become a leader in sustainable tourism and established the
Certification for Sustainable Tourism (CST) which has a fundamental purpose of
benefitting the environment and supporting the community.
Business is bustling in Costa Rica, as the country is home to headquarter offices for a
myriad of multinational corporations in the global marketplace. Business and group
travelers will find a plethora of hotel and meeting space options, as the country hosts
a sophisticated infrastructure of hotels and international brands.

1.3 GEOGRAPHY
Costa Rica’s biodiverse terrain is a key element that attracts visitors from around the
world. Bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, with a land portion that
occupies only 20 thousand square miles, it is no surprise that Costa Rica’s name
translates to “rich coast.” The Central American country shares borders with
Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south.
The nation is comprised of seven provinces: San José, Alajuela, Cartago, Heredia,
Guanacaste, Puntarenas and Limón. From mountain ranges and rain forests to active
volcanoes and cloud forests to breathtaking beaches, Costa Rica’s diversity of
landscapes, climates and natural wonders provides visitors with unlimited
experiences.
CENTRAL VALLEY
Those in search of cultural and natural attractions will find both in the Central Valley
region. Home to the destination’s capital, San José, many of Costa Rica’s most popular
museums can be found in this urban setting including the Gold Museum, Jade
Museum, National Museum and Children’s Museum, in addition to the architectural
jewel of Costa Rica, the National Theater.
Out in the surrounding highlands, visitors can discover two active volcanoes, Poás
and Irazú, as well as the Braulio Carrillo National Park. The rural towns of Turrialba
and Valle de los Santos are also in the Central Valley, offering a picturesque glimpse
of old Costa Rican traditional homes, large coffee plantations, sugar mills and dairies.

MID PACIFIC
Beautiful beaches, wildlife sanctuaries, lagoons, rivers and waterfalls make the Mid
Pacific region an ideal destination for visitors in search of variety. The region
stretches from the city of Puntarenas to Dominical de Osa and is made up of some of
Costa Rica’s most visited areas including Monteverde, Quepos, Jacó, Bahía Ballena and
Manuel Antonio. The region’s climate creates a unique landscape that transitions
from tropical wet forest to tropical forest to tropical dry forest, providing the
opportunity to observe a wide range of plants and animals. In addition to wildlife, the
Mid Pacific region is home to a number of luscious beaches, some of which are less
than two hours from San José.
THE CARIBBEAN COAST
The diverse coastline of the Northern Caribbean region attracts anglers, naturists and
water enthusiasts in search of unique experiences. The North Caribbean region runs
from the San Juan River to Limón City, located just south of Nicaragua, and as far West
as the Eastern Sarapiquí canton. Visitors to the region can head out bass fishing,
embark on a fascinating excursion through the area’s interconnected canals or have
the opportunity to witness green turtles nesting at Tortuguero National Park. Limón
City, the largest city on the country’s Caribbean coast, welcomes thousands of cruise
passengers and serves as a popular tourism and distribution center.
The Southern Caribbean boasts some of Costa Rica’s best beaches and picturesque
parks, which are complemented by the area’s inviting culture. The region, which
extends from Limón City to the Panama border, features a unique blend of natural
wonders and Afro-Caribbean traditions. A wide range of activities allow travelers to
mix adventure with natural history, present day culture, gastronomy and music. The
region is also home to Cahuita National Park and Gandoca Manzanillo Reserve.
GUANACASTE
The combination of breathtaking white-sand beaches, sweeping mountain views and
an ideal tropical climate has made Guanacaste one of Costa Rica’s most popular
regions. Located in the northwestern corner of Costa Rica, the region presents a
diverse geography and boasts many of Costa Rica’s most popular beaches, including
Playa del Coco, Playa Flamingo, Playa Conchal, Tamarindo and the Papagayo
Peninsula. By day visitors can challenge themselves with a surf lesson, cool off under
a waterfall at Rincón de la Vieja National Park, discover the craters of an active
volcano with the same name and more before enjoying the active nightlife in
Tamarindo.
High up in the mountains of Guanacaste, visitors have the opportunity to experience
ecological tourism in a natural and picturesque environment. When guests are not
setting out on adventures which include zip-lining, a mountain water slide, horseback
riding, thermal springs and more, they can be found contributing to various

sustainability efforts resulting in the production of the majority of the products
utilized in multiple establishments. Visitors can spot a number of endangered species
in the multiple wildlife reserves in the area as they explore the diverse ecosystems
either on boat, nature trails or on horseback. For those in search of a folkloric, cultural
and historical experience, rural tourism options await. Visitors are transported back
in time as they operate a 131-year old ox-powered sugar mill (trapiche), make and
enjoy handmade tortillas, sip aromatic fresh coffee and even mix up some homemade
candy. Adventure beckons at local horse and cattle ranches that offer tributes to the
region’s cowboy heritage. Guests also have access to natural hot springs, scenic trails,
pristine waterfalls, bubbling volcanic mud pools and more.
Visitors to the region may also enjoy exploring the inlets and mangrove swamps of
the south side of the region and marvel at the arrival of the Ridley sea turtles at the
Ostional Wildlife National Refuge or discover Barra Honda National Park, home to
Costa Rica’s only underground caves.
Guanacaste is home to the nation’s second international airport, Daniel Oduber
Quirós International Airport, also known as Liberia International Airport (LIR).
PUNTARENAS
Located on the central Pacific coast the Puntarenas region extends from Punta Conejo
south to Puerto Caldera to the mouth of the Bongo River. The region’s rich coastline
overlooks small islands, inlets, beaches, and beautiful natural wonders above and
below sea level. The port town of Puntarenas serves as the center of the region and is
home port to a ferry that carries visitors over to the tip of the Nicoya Peninsula as
well as chartered boats that carry passengers to Tortuga Island. Cruise lines have also
made Puntarenas a destination port, where passengers can choose to enjoy tourist
attractions such as Cabo Blanco, Absolute Nature Reserve and San Lucas.
MONTEVERDE
Visitors will discover Monteverde nestled amongst the clouds high above the
Caribbean and Pacific coastlines of Costa Rica. The area has been recognized
worldwide for its conservation and preservation efforts in large part due to the
Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve and the Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve which
border the region. At its center sits the small town of Santa Elena which offers a
selection of small shops and cafes. Activities in Monteverde’s center around nature
and history including bird watching, especially for the famous Quetzal, visiting the
beautiful butterfly gardens and uncovering the Quaker history of the region.
PLAINS OF THE NORTH
Recognized as home of Arenal Volcano National Park, which boasts 75 percent of
Costa Rica’s bird population, the plains of the north present endless activities for
visitors. Excursions range from hiking and waterfall rappelling to canopying and
exploring via a hanging bridge tour. Those looking for activities on the water will find
that Lake Arenal is an ideal location for canoeing, fishing and kite surfing. Visitors can

also take in the spectacular La Fortuna Waterfall as it plummets 200 feet out of the
dense forest into a tranquil pool below. For those looking to go thrill-seeking
underground Arenal, the nearby Venado Caverns offer a unique cave-hiking
experience throughout a 2,700 meter stretch of limestone caves abound with icicle
formations believed to have been materialized millions of years ago by streams which
still run through the caves. Visitors will have an opportunity to see the subterranean
wildlife including bats, monochrome frogs, fish and marine fossils, many of which are
endemic to the area.
SOUTH PACIFIC
Located on the Osa Peninsula, the South Pacific region is a haven for those looking to
experience the unspoiled beauty of Costa Rica. The opportunities for exploration and
action in the Southern Pacific include watching the magnificent humpback whale
migration, exploring the mangrove habitat, casting a line sport fishing or getting out
on the water surfing. The area is also home to Corcovado National Park, the largest
of Costa Rica’s parks and Marino Ballena National Park, which features the
recognizable “whale’s tail”. Outside of the beach there are also many opportunities
for visitors to experience rural tourism throughout the surrounding towns. Warm
people, beautiful views and biodiversity define this unique region.

1.4 HISTORY AND CULTURE
On September 18, 1502, during his fourth and final voyage to the New World,
Christopher Columbus arrived in Costa Rica in what is now present day Limón.
However, Costa Rica’s history dates back thousands of years as evidenced by the
many artifacts that have been unearthed such as stone tools, gold and jade jewelry,
terra-cotta objects and intricately carved stones such as Las Esferas, declared as an
official Cultural World Heritage Site by the World Heritage Committee of The United
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2014.
Attempts to settle Costa Rica were difficult, and as a result the Spanish had little
influence over the colony. With hidden natural resources and circumstances that
forced settlers to work their own lands, many chose to leave Costa Rica for the spoils
of Peru and Mexico, and the colony was nearly forgotten by the Spanish crown. In
1563 the first successful establishment of a colonial city occurred when Juan Vasquez
de Coronado founded Cartago. Throughout the 1700’s additional cities were built and
with the introduction of coffee plants in the 18th century, Costa Rica has established
its first cash crop.

In 1821 Costa Rica, together with many other Central American colonies, declared
independence from Spain. In 1838 it became an independent country with an era of
peaceful democracy beginning in 1869. In 1949, the country dissolved its armed
forces and since then that nation has been one of the few countries to operate within
the democratic system without the assistance of a military.
Today, the Costa Rican culture is in many ways a reflection of its ethnic diversity. The
predominant influence has long been European, which is reflected in everything from
the official language — Spanish — to the architecture of the country’s churches and
other historic buildings. The indigenous influence can be found in aspects ranging
from the tortillas that make part of a typical Costa Rican meal, to the handmade
ceramics sold throughout the country.
The pleasant and peaceful disposition of Costa Ricans – affectionately called “Ticos”
for their use of the Spanish diminutive, is known worldwide. For example, instead of
saying “más chiquito,” (smaller) Ticos say “chiquitico.”An important aspect of Costa
Rica’s cultural legacy is the Tico’s love for peace and democracy. Ticos are proud that
their nation is the exception in Latin America, where military dictatorships have long
dominated politics; they have enjoyed of more than one hundred years of democratic
tradition. Its nearly 4.8 million citizens are also among the worlds most educated,
with a literacy rate of 96 percent. Many Costa Ricans are also fluent in English and are
happy to share their knowledge of flora and fauna, Tico history and rich culture with
all travelers.

Adventure

2.1 BEACHES
While many visitors come to Costa Rica for the mountains and inland ecoexperiences, with close to 1,500 kilometers (900 miles) of pristine coastline, Costa
Rica is home to a diverse selection of world-renowned beaches.
REST AND RELAXATION ON THE SOUTH CARIBBEAN COAST
Costa Rica’s Caribbean coast borrows the unique culture of the nearby Caribbean
islands. With island-infused food, music and a laid-back approach it is easy for
visitors to feel as though they have been transported to a beautiful Caribbean island.
Gandoca-Manzanillo Beach, located within the Gandoca-Manzanillo Wildlife Refuge,
is known as one of the country’s most beautiful snorkel spots thanks to its myriad of
breathtaking coral reefs. With green mountains and tropical forests providing a
picturesque backdrop, the miles-long stretch features turquoise waters and white
sand beaches, the perfect locale for visitors to kick back and relax.
Beach-goers seeking the ultimate in private escapes can enjoy the unoccupied golden
sand and crystal clear waters of Playa Cocles or stake out a choice spot on Puerto
Viejo, Cahuita or Playa Bonita.
ADVENTURE ON THE NORTH PACIFIC COAST OF GUANACASTE
Stretching down from the northwestern coast, the shores of the Guanacaste region
are met by the waters of the Pacific Ocean. In the far north, Hermosa Beach is known
for its calm waves and clear waters framed by rolling green hills. The variety of
activities, restaurants and lodging options makes Hermosa an ideal location for
families.
The nearly 5,000 acres of Polo Golf Papagayo that is in the northwest province of
Guanacaste was formed by volcanic activity and includes tropical dry forests and a
number of pristine beaches. Named a top tourist destination, the peninsula is home
to a number of international brand name hotels, a selection of residential luxury
homes as well as many new projects. Costa Rican law mandates that 70 percent of the
land must remain untouched ensuring that the beauty of the land is preserved and
not overdeveloped.
Conchal Beach lies on the Costa Rican Gold Coast, recognized for the millions of
crushed sea shells along its shoreline. Conchal is one of the most attractive and exotic
beaches in the region, peaceful and perfect for unwinding or snorkeling. The beach
boasts near-perfect weather year-round, resulting in a dream destination for every
beach lover.
Surrounding Conchal, the beaches of Flamingo and Tamarindo are known as some of
the country’s best. Flamingo Beach is home to the only full-service marina between
Acapulco and Panama, thus a popular stop for yachters traveling the Pacific Coast.

The beach’s pristine waters are ideal for a variety of water sports and some of the
world’s best deep sea fishing.
Tamarindo, one of the most developed and popular beaches on the Pacific Coast,
offers some of the best surfing and windsurfing in the world with a laid-back vibe to
match. Long stretches of sand are perfect for walks, horseback riding and sunbathing.
Offering a wide variety of water sports, excursions and restaurants, Tamarindo is a
bustling beach town with plenty for visitors to experience.

On the Nicoya Peninsula, picture-perfect beaches offer snorkeling, diving and
windsurfing. Samara is one of the region’s most pleasant beaches and although it is
peacefully secluded, there is no shortage of restaurants, shops, excursions or hotels.
Protected by a coral reef, allowing the waters near the coast to be calm and safe,
Samara is particularly known for its pleasant swimming conditions. For a more quiet
experience, visitors can venture just north or south to the undeveloped sands of
Barrigona, Buena Vista or Playa Carrillo.
WHERE THE MOUNTAINS MEET THE SEA IN THE CENTRAL AND SOUTH PACIFIC
Continuing south toward the mid-pacific, Jacó Beach is one of the world’s most
renowned surfing destinations, known for its consistent waves. A short drive from
San José, Jacó is a popular weekend getaway for locals and partygoers ready to paint
the town.
Home to the continent’s largest Pacific coastal rain forests and some of the world’s
most endangered species, Puntarenas’ beaches are lush and tropical as a result of the
frequent rainfall. Bahía Ballena is located south of Dominical and at low tide displays
a coastline that resembles a whale’s tail. An interesting fact about this bay is that
whales from the north and south find the water’s reliable temperature of 82 degrees
Fahrenheit as ideal for birthing, allowing for two whale watching seasons to take
place. Children love to spot the different humpback, pilot and false killer whales.
While on these tours, visitors can also sight bottlenose and spotted dolphins all year
round.
The neighboring beaches of Manuel Antonio are some of the country’s most
immaculate. Surrounded by dense forest vegetation, the beaches of Espadilla, Blanca
and Puerto Escondido are inside Manuel Antonio National Park, offering visitors often
unexpected views of exotic wildlife.
Nearby Dominical is known for its authenticity and world-class surfing. Frequented
by backpackers seeking an experience that differs from usual tourist destinations, the
unspoiled nature of Dominical offers thrilling water sports and awe-inspiring sights,
including the Dominicalito and Naucaya Waterfalls.
Surfing is particularly noteworthy on Pavones, a simple mile-long beach where
surfers can ride the longest left-breaking waves in the world. Home to some of the

best conditions on the entire Pacific coast of North and South America, the rocky
beach of Pavones is a surfer’s paradise.

2.2 WATER SPORTS
Outdoor enthusiasts can rejoice in the wealth of water-based activities to choose from
in Costa Rica. Fishing, surfing, diving and rafting are several popular favorites, and
the combination of a wide range of difficulty levels and destinations where visitors
can partake create the perfect activity for everyone in a group.
FISHING
The Northern Pacific coast, Central Pacific region, Southern Pacific region, and
Caribbean coast all make for great fishing spots. Travelers can enjoy offshore fishing
in the area of Quepos on the central Pacific coast, boasting large billfish such as sailfish
and marlin and sport fishing in the small harbor town of Golfito on the southern coast.
On the Caribbean coast, more unpredictable conditions can cause variation in the
day’s catches; however, fishermen can generally expect tarpon during the winter and
spring and snook during the fall. For those who enjoy inland fishing, Lake Arenal,
Costa Rica’s largest lake located at the foot of the active Arenal Volcano, boasts
rainbow bass. Fishing seasons vary by location and type of fish, and a valid Costa
Rican fishing license is required for any freshwater fishing done in the country.
SURFING
Four zones comprise surfing in Costa Rica: the Caribbean coast; the Northern Pacific
coast; the Southern Pacific coast and the Central Pacific coast. The Pacific coast boasts
the most surfing locations, the majority of which are found in the northwestern
province of Guanacaste. Tamarindo Beach in the Northern Pacific is considered one
of the country’s surfing meccas. Visitors will be able to find surf camps, rental shops
and ding repair all throughout the beachfront. Other standout beaches include:
Hermosa Beach in the Central Pacific, known for having some of the most consistent
waves in the world and the location of the 2009 World Surf Championship; Pavones
Beach in the Southern Pacific, spanning waves more than half a mile long; and Puerto
Viejo, also called Salsa Brava, advised only for advanced surfers due to its strong
waves and enormous tubes. With more than 900 miles (1,466 km) of coastline and
ideal surfing conditions year-round between the three coasts, Costa Rica offers a
wealth of surfing opportunities for novices and experienced surfers.
DIVING AND SNORKELING
A major eco-tourism destination, Costa Rica’s long shores stretching along the Pacific
Ocean and the Caribbean Sea reveal coral reef formations, hundreds of species of
multicolored fish and underwater caves. On the Pacific shore, deep-sea divers can
venture out to UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site Coco Island, home to 600 species
of marine mollusks, 300 species of fish and 32 species of coral, nine of which are found
in the deep waters. Both experienced and beginner divers will enjoy the striking rock
formations and underwater cave in Manuel Antonio National Park in the Central
Pacific, in addition to the extensive variety of fish found especially during the summer
months. Those looking to snorkel will find an underwater playground on the
Caribbean side at Mazanillo Beach or the reef at Cahuita National Park, which is home

to more than 120 species of fish and more than 40 crustaceans. In the South Pacific
region, year-round humpback whale migration (from both the North and the South)
makes for exciting company for divers. It is no wonder that Costa Rica has been voted
one of the top five world destinations for advanced scuba diving by Rodale’s
Magazine.
RAFTING
Thanks to generous rainfall in most parts of the country, Costa Rica’s rivers offer
exhilarating rafting and kayaking adventures throughout the year. The country’s
well-established rafting industry makes it simple to find a provider with skilled
guides, quality equipment and well-planned excursions.
The country’s most renowned rafting spot remains the Pacuare River. Optimum
rafting season is from mid-May through March and, as the country’s longest river, it
is best explored on a two-day trip. Known for its abundant flora and fauna, visitors
can marvel at some of Costa Rica’s gorgeous wildlife while on a rafting trip. Capuchin
monkeys, Toucans, and sloths are just some of the common sights alongside the
Pacuare River. Located just inland from Limón, the Pacuare is easily accessible from
San José, the country’s capital.
Beginners eager to join in on the fun can also find ideal runs on the picturesque
Sarapiquí and Saavegre Rivers, located near Puerto Viejo towards the Caribbean
Coast and along the Pacific Coast between Manuel Antonio and Quepos. Regardless of
skill level, the rivers of Costa Rica promise a memorable ride with eye-opening views
of jungles, forests and the thousands of species that inhabit them.
KAYAKING
With the pristine Caribbean Sea to the east, the lively Pacific Ocean to the west and a
collection of rivers that flow across the country, Costa Rica is also a premier kayaking
course. Tortuguero National Park is among the areas in Costa Rica that’s especially
great for kayak excursions. Visitors can also kayak down one of Costa Rica’s flowing
rivers or surrounding oceans giving them an opportunity to see lots of wildlife,
including manatees, caimans and crocodiles, as well as an array of birds.
TUBING
With 14 major river systems that flow through the country, natural surroundings can
be enjoyed by drifting along on a water tube. The amount of activity one can
experience varies by the class of rapids the river has. Helmets and sturdy canvas tubes
ensure safety in the event that the pace of the current changes. River tubing is very
popular for animal sightings in the rivers in Manuel Antonio National Park and Arenal,
as well as the Sarapiquí and North Guanacaste regions. While this is a definite perk of
doing tubing in Costa Rica, there are also groups which find this particular activity as
an efficient way to cover longer treks of land while floating on refreshing water.

STAND UP PADDLEBOARDING
Stand up paddleboarding is an activity that has gained popularity in Costa Rica’s
beaches. It requires a person to stand on a board almost double the length and width
of the type used to surf. Experts describe this sport as one that builds up resistance
and balance since every muscle is engaged to complete it, particularly those above the
waist. One class is usually all it takes for novices to zip across the perimeters of
beaches such as Golfito, Golfito Dulce, Playa Madrigal, Blanca, Hermosa and many
others in the Guanacaste and Central Pacific areas.
PARAGLIDING AND PARASAILING
With its expansive greenery and nearly 1,300 kilometers of coast line, there is plenty
to see of Costa Rica from high above. Visitors can experience an exhilarating ride,
filled with breathtaking panoramic views of the landscape parasailing or paragliding.
This adventure is the perfect way to introduce one to Costa Rica. While a variety of
experienced tour operators organize parasailing trips all over the country, Manuel
Antonio and Jacó, both on the Pacific Coast, have become hot spots for the activities
while visitors can also find paragliding tandem flights and tours in Turrialba for a
view of the mountains in the interior.

2.3 FAMILY ACTIVITIES
From volcanoes to howler monkeys and sea turtles, Costa Rica offers families a
myriad of opportunities to explore, learn and get a close encounter with nature.
Families can strengthen their bond and create a lifetime of memories enjoying
everything from sports to nature explorations and relaxation.
A CAPITAL FULL OF CULTURE
As the capital of the country, San Jose is also the cultural, social and amusement
capital of Costa Rica. It is a place where families can get together and enjoy museums,
theaters, cinemas and recreation centers. Some of the most popular sites are the
neoclassic architecture of the National Theater; the Gold Museum, showcasing PreColumbian, Costa Rican art; the National Museum, which lets families travel through
Costa Rica’s history and the Children’s Museum, where families can experience an
interactive, fun and educational adventure on everything from science to music and
history.
ACTIVITIES
Costa Rica offers activities for all different ages, tastes and budgets. Adventure
tourism has become a bonding experience in which family ties grow closer and
stronger. Zip lining is a great way to take in breath-taking views and experience
excitement. Hikes in protected areas of the national parks and biological reserves
may offer real-life monkey sightings of one of the four available species: howler,
spider, squirrel, and white-faced capuchin. There is also the option to set up a turtle
nesting viewing. The peak months for this unforgettable experience are July and
August, with an 85 percent chance of witnessing a nesting. River fishing and
horseback riding are just a few more of the enjoyed family-friendly activities available
throughout the country.
WATER ADVENTURES
In addition to the numerous activities families can enjoy on land, visitors can explore
the depths of Costa Rica’s marine world. Diving or snorkeling trips offer a great way
to have a close encounter with sea turtles and giants schools of fish. Boat or kayak
trips also provide a wonderful way to discover the many beaches with calm and
peaceful surroundings or those with crashing waves, ideal for surfing. Costa Rica’s
coasts are blessed by Mother Nature, as waters remain warm throughout the year
with an average temperature of 82° F, giving travelers the opportunity of visiting
them any time they wish. For those who want a little more adventure in their family
vacation, banana boat rides, parasailing and Jet Ski tours are broadly available.

Ecotourism

3.1 ECOTOURISM
Considered one of the most bio-diverse regions in the world, Costa Rica is home to 28
national parks, eight biological reserves and a series of protected areas that captivate
ecotourism lovers around the world. The country features a variety of ecotourism
activities including horseback riding, hiking mountainous paths in cloud forests and
guided bird-watching tours.
NATIONAL PARKS
Even though Costa Rica is a small country, it still boasts about five percent of the
world’s documented biodiversity. Considered a natural treasure, most of the
country’s land is protected by the National System of Conservation Areas, preserving
a total of 26 percent of the national territory. Ecotourism enthusiasts can visit Costa
Rica’s magnificent volcanoes, Pacific and Caribbean beaches, rain forests and jungle
landscapes.
RAIN FOREST AERIAL TRAMS (CARIBBEAN & PACIFIC)
Many national parks across the Caribbean and Pacific coasts feature aerial trams
which provide a bird’s eye-view of these tropical paradises. Upon boarding the aerial
tram, travelers are exposed to the different forest levels, including tree canopies, a
level which is most difficult to reach and least documented by scientists. On the trails,
the very heart of the rain forest can be appreciated; there is a great biodiversity of
plant and animal species too. A simple stroll through the trails and a ride in the aerial
tram are excellent combinations to learn about them, and provide much to appreciate
about the rain forest from the ground up to the tree tops.
RIVERS AND LAKES
Costa Rica, with its abundance of rivers, surprisingly has very few lakes. Nearly all the
country’s rivers begin in the mountains, with many frothy white-water routes perfect
for rafting and kayaking. Once those rivers flow into the lowlands, however, they
become languid waterways. Those lowland rivers are excellent routes for small boat
trips, which allow passengers to observe some of the local flora and fauna. The
wetlands of Caño Negro are also an excellent spot for wildlife watching, whereas the
large Arenal Lake is a popular windsurfing destination.
BIRD WATCHING
With an estimated 901 bird species, a number greater than the total amount of birds
found in North America, it’s hard not to become awestruck by the variety of feathered
creatures one encounters throughout Costa Rica. The country features a number of
knowledgeable nature guides that can make any bird watching expedition a fun
educational experience.

HORSEBACK RIDING
It may come as a surprise to many that Costa Rica has quite the cowboy culture.
Guanacaste is one of the country’s first regions to be conquered by the Spaniards so
it is considered to have preserved more of its “Spanish” tradition, where many cattle
ranches cover the forest-draped hills. Nevertheless, mountain resorts and nature
lodges all over the country offer horseback riding trips, going through pastures,
tropical forests, and down to the beaches and often stopping at waterfalls and lakes.

3.2 SUSTAINABILITY
Sustainability is not a practice in Costa Rica; it is a way of life. With a goal to be the
first carbon neutral country in the world by 2100, sustainable practices are observed
in every region of the country, across all industries, adopted by all citizens and
embraced by visitors. From local Costa Rican cuisine to artisan crafts to traditional
customs and celebrations, sustainability is embedded deeply in the culture and
traditions of Costa Rica.
Costa Ricans are proud to live amongst and protect their country’s rich environment,
as this small nation holds five percent of the world’s land-based biodiversity and 3.5
percent of its marine life. Costa Rica produces nearly 93 percent of its electricity from
renewable resources and 30 percent of its territory is protected natural land. A
pioneer in the area of sustainability, Costa Rica is a model for sustainable practices
for many industries within the region and around the world.

3.3 Certification for Sustainable Tourism (CST)
The tourism industry in Costa Rica has paved the way for entrepreneurs to receive
recognition and reward for its sustainable practices through the Certification for
Sustainable Tourism (CST) program. The CST program was designed by the Costa
Rica Tourism Board (ICT) to differentiate businesses within the tourism sector based
on the degree in which they comply with a sustainable model of natural, cultural and
social resource management.
Recognized by United Nations’ World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the CST
program not only evaluates but also assists business owners in making strategic
decisions that will result in the long-term preservation of Costa Rica’s environment.
Businesses in the CST program receive recognition by being awarded “leaves” or level
markers. One leaf indicates that a business engages in minimal sustainable practices
and a distinction of five leaves indicates that a business exemplifies the highest
standard of sustainable practices in its respective industry sector. Businesses that
hold five leaves in the CST program are frequently carbon neutral integrate authentic
locally made products into its offerings, give back to Costa Rica’s rural community
and more.
CST was introduced in 1997 and has continued to evolve and change with the
advancement of technologies over the years. The program began with hotel
evaluations but has expanded to include rental cars, parks and restaurants. As of May,
more than 347 companies, ranging from lodging, tour companies and car rentals, in
Costa Rica earned CST certification. The program hopes to reach its goal of having 425
companies receive the certification by 2017.

3.4 VOLCANOES
As part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, it’s no surprise that Costa Rica is home to more than
112 volcanoes – five of which are classified as active. The greatest concentration of
volcanoes is located in the Central Highlands and northern Costa Rica. These
concentrations are divided into three volcanic range systems: the Guanacaste, Central
and Talamanca ranges.
THE GUANACASTE RANGE
Located in one of the country’s most diverse national parks, the Guanacaste Range is
home to two of the biggest wildlife centerpieces: Rincón de la Vieja and Orosí.
Complete with hot springs, waterfalls and a tremendous variety of wildlife, insects
and birds, the Rincón de la Vieja National Park is a sight to see for nature lovers the
world over, while Orosí is home to the transitional cloud forest important to wild life
and migrating between the Pacific coast and inland highlands.
THE CENTRAL VOLCANIC RANGE
Located in the province of Alajuela in a national park of the same name, the Poás
Volcano is another must-see wonder. Comprised of three craters, only one of which
is active, Poás is one of the country’s most accessible active volcanoes, followed by
the Irazú volcano.
Within Poás, in one of the dormant craters, lies an incredible lagoon that can be seen
as the clouds part, especially earlier in the day. The best time of year to visit Poás is
the green season. From May through November, clear views of Poás’ active crater are
easy to come by. The nearby La Paz waterfall and local coffee plantations make the
trip to Poás a beautiful and fascinating one year-round.
The country’s highest volcano is Irazú, standing at 3,432 meters high. A short drive
from Costa Rica’s capital city of San José, the Irazú Volcano is located within Irazú
National Park, one of the country’s most popular for its breathtaking panoramic
views.
NORTHERN PLAINS
The northern plains of Costa Rica are home to the country’s most famous active
volcano: Arenal. Its superficial magma chamber has been very quiet but studies lead
experts to believe that there is still movement deep inside. Situated in a beautiful
natural park that bears the same name, visitors enjoy hiking the area around the
volcano that has been determined safe by experts. Another attraction in that area is
Lake Arenal, the country’s largest landlocked body of water, with a surface that covers
nearly 33 square miles (85 square km) and a depth that reaches some 200 feet (60
m).

The country’s volcanoes are also responsible for the lush landscape which supports
the country’s abundance of plant and animal species, as well as its rich and flavorful
coffee! The land surrounding volcanoes is lush and fertile thanks to the many
minerals deposited by eruptions, which is perfect for the cultivation of coffee beans.
The northern plains are also home to Costa Rica’s newest volcano, El Porvenir, was
only officially discovered in March of 2008 in the forests of the San Carlos region near
the national capital of San José.

3.5 NATIONAL PARKS
Although Costa Rica accounts for just 0.03 percent of the earth’s surface, its rich land
is home to an astounding 5 percent of the world’s biodiversity and its waters contain
3.5 percent of the world’s marine life. Costa Rica is home to more than 28 national
parks, reserves and wildlife refuges. No matter which region you choose to visit, a
nearby park awaits you and expert naturalist guides are available to provide more
knowledge. Costa Rica is the first tropical country in the world to reverse
deforestation; its forest coverage went from 21 percent in the 1980s to 52 percent in
2012. Twenty six percent of the country is officially zoned-protected territory, which
demonstrates the value Costa Rica places on preserving its environment and the
natural plant and animal species that call it home.
Some of Costa Rica’s amazing national parks are:
MANUEL ANTONIO
One of the country’s most famous parks is Manuel Antonio. This small biological
peninsula on the country’s Pacific Coast is the perfect place to encounter white-faced
and squirrel monkeys, a variety of birds and two and three-toed sloths. Iguanas,
pelicans, frogs, butterflies and crabs are just a few more critters that can be
appreciated during a visit to its hiking trails.
The dense vegetation of the jungle spills onto the beaches’ clean sand, offering a
rejuvenating swim for explorers as they exit the lush maze of the rain forest. With
annual Fahrenheit temperatures ranging in the 70s, the beaches of Manuel Antonio
make for a pleasant stop year-round.
CORCOVADO
Located in the Osa Peninsula, Corcovado National Park is home to the country’s most
diverse selections of biodiversity. Named one of the most biologically intense places
on earth by National Geographic, Corcovado is home to thousands of plant and animal
species that thrive from its soil, sky and water.
Among the many types of animals that can be seen in Corcovado are hundreds of
species of birds, reptiles and mammals. Nearly a dozen walking trails allow visitors
to explore the park’s wonders up-close. Camping enthusiasts can also receive
permission from the Osa Conservation Area (ACOSA) to stay in the park overnight –
an excellent opportunity to see the more than 50 species of bats that inhabit the
peninsula.
ARENAL
Named alter the country’s most famous and active volcano, Arenal National Park
offers spectacular views of the volcano. Park rangers monitor volcanic activity and its
effect on walking trails, so explorers can rest assured that trails are safe to travel.

Comprised predominantly of cloud and rain forests, the park lies within the Arenal
Conservation Area – a territory that spans more than 200,000 hectares. Filled with
rivers, thermal hot springs, waterfalls and of course wildlife, Arenal is a dream come
true for all who enjoy outdoor exploration.
GUANACASTE
This national park is part of the Guanacaste Conservation Area. Officially declared a
UNESCO World Heritage Site, the area and its wildlife are truly astounding. The dry
forests in this northern part of the country are well-known as prime hiking grounds,
although birding and observing the various monkey species are the main attractions.
A variety of species including jaguars, tapirs and sloths can also be seen migrating
through the park towards the Cacao volcano.
CAHUITA
Located on the southeastern coast, Cahuita National Park’s wildlife area protects
Costa Rica’s most important coral reef, which is among the most developed of the
entire Caribbean Coast. Although Cahuita is, like most of the country’s parks, popular
for nature observation, its beaches are a major attraction. Surfing and diving
conditions in Cahuita’s pristine waters, which have been awarded the Ecological Blue
Flag, are out of this world.
TORTUGUERO
Created to protect four species of endangered turtles that spawn on the country’s
Caribbean Coast, Tortuguero National Park is one of the country’s most important
conservation sites. Many endangered species like jaguars, tapirs and monkeys also
rely on the park’s protected status for survival. In fact, Tortuguero is home to 13 of
the country’s 16 endangered species.
The humid tropical rain forest and wetland forests are just a few of the 11 diverse
ecological habitats that thrive within the wildlife sanctuary that is Tortuguero. It’s not
rare to spot canal-dwelling creatures like lizards and crocodiles, as well as fascinating
birds and mammals at this national park.
CHIRRIPÓ
Home of Mt. Chirripó, Costa Rica’s highest point, Chirripó National Park offers
breathtaking views of the country. On a clear day, both the Caribbean Sea and the
Pacific Ocean can be seen.
Climbing Chirripó is one of the park’s main attractions. Those wishing to make the
challenging trek will need plenty of water, sunscreen and a permit from the park
rangers. Given the strength of the Costa Rican sun at such a high altitude, many
explorers opt to make the trip slowly, stopping to camp out overnight in one of the
man-made shelters along the way.

To access detailed information about each of the country’s parks, including
attractions, services and regulations, please visit:
http://www.visitcostarica.com/ict/paginas/parques.asp

3.6 BEYOND THE BEACHES with RURAL TOURISM
Rural tourism in Costa Rica is an authentic tourist experience impossible to imitate,
offering travelers an intimate glimpse into the country’s pastoral heritage and
communities. Itineraries include working with local farmers, tasting traditional foods
in the warmth of Costa Rican families, hiking into the unspoiled natural landscapes
and more. The benefits of tourism dollars reach far beyond strengthening the
economy; they help develop local communities, create unforgettable memories and
enhance the Costa Rican identity.
One facet of rural tourism involves participation from several families, or even the
entire community, as the residents manage the endeavors themselves rather than
outside businesses. Numerous organizations aid in coordinating and integrating all
the community actions in order to facilitate the development of rural tourism to help
local growth.
The following are several examples of unique rural tourism initiatives in Costa Rica.
GUANACASTE
Various hotels offer visitors the opportunity to experience ecological tourism in a
breathtaking natural environment. Surrounding the National Park Rincón de la Vieja,
lodging options have undertaken ecological strategies with the ultimate intention of
regenerating the land. When they are not setting out on adventures which include ziplining, a mountain water slide, horseback riding, thermal springs and more, guests
can be found playing a role in sustainability efforts, such as planting fruits and
vegetables, creating arts and crafts or making soaps that will be exhibited and used
at the establishments. As a result, ranches and workers produce a majority of the
products utilized.
Adventure beckons at the foot of the Rincón de la Vieja Volcano in Guanacaste. Ecotourism hotels with actual working horse and cattle ranches celebrate the Guanacaste
region’s cowboy heritage. Guests also have access to natural hot springs, scenic trails,
pristine waterfalls, bubbling volcanic mud pools and more. From riding a ranch horse
to exploring the natural volcanic springs to taking a cool dip in a spectacular waterfall
pool, guests can transform themselves in a cowboy for a day on one of many tours.
There are also various tourist attractions and Wildlife Refuges which frame the Palo
Verde National Park. Visitors can spot a number of endangered species as they
explore diverse ecosystems either by boat on the waters of Tempisque River, on
nature trails or on horseback. For those in search of a folkloric, cultural and historical
experience, there are various projects that take place at established farms that are
brought back to life with the lively reenactments of respected Costa Rican traditions.
Visitors are transported back in time as they operate a 130-year old ox-powered
sugar mill (trapiche), make and enjoy handmade tortillas, sip aromatic fresh coffee
and even mold up some homemade candy.

LA FORTUNA
Various eco-lodges holistically blend agriculture, education and tourism by offering
adventure and ranch tours, hiking trails and botanical gardens. Adventure tours
include horseback riding into the rain forest, kayaking and biking and a hike to Arenal
Volcano National Park. Community farms and resorts are self-sustainable and
carefully reforesting the formerly barren land into an area rich in biodiversity while
preserving the essence of the Costa Rican rural heritage.
There are also educational centers and models for sustainable farmers and gardeners.
Objectives include motivating visitors from around the world to cultivate and harvest
organically and sustainably. Many of the Costa Ricans who support these movements
come from peasant families who grew up without electricity, using traditional
methods of agriculture which are still used today.
MANUEL ANTONIO
Travelers can experience a guided nature, conservation and cultural expedition
beginning with a walk along the Fila Chonta Mountains. Outdoor activities such as
swimming beneath a waterfall and organic tilapia fishing, all the while enjoying
appearances by local wildlife make several forget about cosmopolitan living. Cultural
touches include tours of an authentic sugarcane mill and learning about coffee and
citrus production, two crucial commodities that form the backbone of the Costa Rican
economy. Many conclude a tour with a farm-style lunch overlooking the impressive
landscapes of Manuel Antonio National Park.

3.7 VOLUNTOURISM
Travel is always an enriching experience in Costa Rica, thanks to the destination’s
wealth of natural and cultural resources. Vacations can be very fulfilling to those who
enjoy them and with voluntourism — travel that includes volunteer activities for nonprofit organizations — the rewards are even greater, as visitors make a positive
impact on the environment, wildlife and local communities. Regardless of age,
experience level or interests, travelers will find an increasingly wide array of
interesting and exciting volunteer possibilities in Costa Rica. It’s a worthwhile way to
make any vacation truly memorable.
Conservation Efforts
The Association of Volunteers for Service in Protected Areas of Costa Rica offers
a variety of ways to volunteer while learning more about Costa Rica’s national parks
and diverse wildlife. Students can practice their Spanish skills while keeping parks
and beaches safe from fires. There is also a research factor that can be used for college
credit courses or data for ecologically-themed theses.
 http://www.asvocr.org/voluntariado/
The Children’s Eternal Rain Forest(CER) is the largest private reserve in Costa Rica,
covering over 54,000 acres and counting. One of the richest and most diverse natural
areas on Earth, CER is home to roughly 17percent of the world’s species. The CER is
responsible for numerous hydroelectric projects which produce about one third of
Costa Rica’s electricity. Positions in reception, maintenance, environmental education
and at biological stations are available in the city of Monteverde. Helpers are asked to
remain for a month to make a significant contribution.
 http://www.acmcr.org/voluntariado.htm
Established five years ago as an ecological and cultural organization dedicated to
restoring ecosystems, the Xtremas Foundation also benefits the indigenous peoples
in the Barbilla biological corridor, a heavily deforested strip of land connecting the
southern and northern areas of the country. Volunteers who help plant trees, as well
as individuals or corporations who are willing to adopt trees are asked to extend a
hand. Xtremas won an award in 2013 from Pact for Life, a social network of
individuals and organizations concerned with the environment, for its work in Costa
Rican reforestation.
 http://www.crhoy.com/adopte-un-arbol-y-ayude-a-salvar-los-bosques/
The protection of the geographical area and ensuring fortified connections among all
stakeholders in these protected areas and adjacent indigenous territories is the
Talamanca-Caribbean Biological Corridor Association’s (ACBTC) principal
objective. Participating in the collaborative efforts and developments on local,
national and international scales, volunteers help support different institutions and
organizations as needed. Duties for volunteers include supporting agro-ecological
projects in the area, joining reforestation campaigns and sharing in education

activities with children. It is recommended that participants possess empathy for
working with indigenous peoples, have an interest and willingness to perform field
work and be intent on conserving natural resources.
 http://www.corredortalamanca.org/voluntariado.php?idioma=1
Volunteers can aid in the sustainable management of wildlife, forest resources and
other protected areas with the National System of Conservation Areas of Costa
Rica, which — together with its stakeholders — plays a leading role in Costa Rica’s
sustainable efforts. Exciting and rewarding service opportunities are available for
individuals, organizations and private companies that are interested in volunteering.
 http://www.sinac.go.cr/competencias/ASP/Voluntariado/Paginas/default.a
spx
Sabática is a Spanish company founded by professionals with a long history in the
world of education and international exchanges. Its mission is to provide volunteers
unique experiences abroad. Costa Rica lives off its parks and has amazing landscapes,
which require constant work to be done to preserve the environment. Volunteers
with the national parks will learn about the country and its unique environment while
still having the opportunity to relax on beaches or find adventure. Nature reserves
are located on the coast, mountains and rainforests. Activities include cooperating on
specific projects being carried out in the park, general maintenance thereof (trail
maintenance, trash removal, facility repair), and customer service to visitors.
 http://www.sabatica.org/es/81501/Voluntariado/Conservacion-Medio-
/Proyectos-voluntariado-Costa-Rica-Ecologia-.html
Another noteworthy option to consider is Costas Verdes, a non-profit organization
devoted to protecting the coastal region. Helpers can assist with the planting of
thousands of trees in deforested areas in the Ostional and Playa Hermosa National
Wildlife Refuges and they can also help out at Costas Verdes’s nursery, which has
more than 2,000 trees ready for planting.
 www.costasverdes.org
Operating in Atenas, Costa Rica, The Green Pet Foundation offers unique programs
in Costa Rica to ensure that volunteers enjoy their enriching ecological and cultural
experiences. Programs are designed so that participants contribute to the socioenvironmental work in the area while still having time to visit tourist attractions,
explore the country’s infinite landscapes, learn Spanish and bond with the families
that house them. Volunteer opportunities are available at organic honey farms, plant
nurseries, coffee plantations, family farms, and schools.
 http://www.greenpetfoundation.org/?q=es/afortunados

Research Opportunities
Costa Rica is also known for its abundant wildlife, and voluntourism makes it easy for
travelers to help protect the nation’s diverse fauna. Among the organizations that
excel in this type of voluntourism is the renowned World Wildlife Fund, which
works both at sea and on land with fishermen, tour operators, governments,
industries, farmers and urban groups — as well as local and national authorities —
to protect the Western Hemisphere’s largest reef. With the organization’s sea turtle
conservation project in Junquillal, volunteers can help these magnificent creatures,
while receiving technical training and gaining experience in the field. The minimum
stay for this project is 15 days, although visitors can commit for up to a month in the
program.
 http://www.wwfca.org/nuestro_trabajo/especies/tortugas_marinas/conser
vacion_playa_junquillal/programa_voluntarios/
Several interesting opportunities are available from the Organization for Tropical
Studies, a non-profit consortium of nearly 60 universities, colleges and research
institutions from around the world. In addition to undergraduate and graduate study
programs in global health, biology and conservation, the organization offers
individual and corporate volunteer programs that include reforestation projects and
activities at any of its three biological research stations, located in three ecologically
diverse ecosystems: La Selva Biological Station, in the Caribbean lowland at the
northern base of Braulio Carillo National Park, Palo Verde Biological Station, in the
northwestern Pacific lowlands and Las Cruces Biological Station and Wilson Botanical
Garden, on Costa Rica’s southern Pacific slope, where an extensive collection of palms,
bromeliads and endangered plants are among the beautiful features.
 http://www.ots.ac.cr/
At the Tirimbina Rainforest Center, volunteers can learn, explore and help in one
of Costa Rica’s most lush and biodiverse northern regions. Tirimbina’s program
provides a unique experience for participants in the development of their scientific
knowledge of the tropical forest, as they collect data for the center’s long-term
research projects and learn about the ecosystem. Volunteers develop skills in
collecting and analyzing data and writing reports, and can also participate in various
activities including tours and educational programs.
 http://www.tirimbina.org/
Saving Wildlife
Volunteers in the World has a Puerto Viejo-based group that helps injured and
abused animals — including monkeys, cats, sloths, anteaters and snakes— by nursing
them back to health and preparing them for a return to their natural habitat. Proper
vaccination is asked of volunteers in order to avoid putting any of the animals in a
potential health risk.
 http://www.voluntariosenelmundo.com/paises-donde-colaboramos2/centroamerica/costa-rica/costa-ricarescate-de-animales

Reptile lovers of all ages would enjoy donating some time to the volunteers with the
Herpetological Refuge of Costa Rica. Aside from helping take care of injured
reptiles, amphibians, birds and an assortment of mammals, participants also gain a
great deal of knowledge by assisting with tours of the facilities.
 http://www.refugioherpetologico.com/voluntarios.html
The Turtle Trax organization allows volunteers to help prepare and monitor
hatcheries and accompany members of the team on nightly, three-hour beach patrols.
Since sea turtle nesting is seasonal, their hatchery conservation projects are only
open for half of the year; Playa San Miguel and Corozalito are open from July to
December and Caletas is open from July to February.
 http://turtle-trax.com/
Cooperatour aims to contribute to a society that is more aware and committed to the
causes of poverty through training and experience. Nature lovers will enjoy this
project located on one of the most popular beaches in Costa Rica, Playa Matapalo.
Volunteers will be involved in all aspects of turtle protection: learning how a nursery
is created to protect the eggs, caring for and feeding baby turtles, conducting night
patrols to collect eggs, cleaning beaches and then marking them.
 http://www.cooperatour.org/proyectos-de-cooperacion/proteccion-detortugas-marinas-en-el-caribe-costa-rica.html
The Corcovado Foundation plays a leading role in strengthening protected areas,
promoting environmental education, adopting responsible travel and encouraging
community participation in the sustainable use of natural resources in the South
Pacific region of Costa Rica. Their program for the conservation of sea turtles runs
from July to mid-December in the Osa peninsula. Volunteers participate in various
conservation activities as members of the research team. Activities include night
patrols, relocating nests in the nursery, recording scientific data, tagging turtles,
monitoring the nursery, construction, exhuming nests, and releasing hatchlings.
 http://www.corcovadofoundation.org/es/programa-conservacion-tortugamarina.html
The KETO Foundation is an NGO dedicated to the research and conservation of
dolphins, whales and sea turtles. The work of volunteers is a vital component to the
organization’s success. Volunteers gain experience by working in the field with
cetaceans and turtles, through contact with coastal communities, or by means of
behavioral data analysis and photo identification.
 http://www.fundacionketo.org/proyectos.php
Community Development
Local community interaction is another way to make a beneficial use of vacation time
in Costa Rica. Volunteers of the Bríbripa Kanèblö Association help build facilities
for the nation’s largest indigenous population. The activities vary in order to address
the following objectives: improve the socioeconomic conditions of indigenous

families; strengthen the Bribri culture, developing actions that promote the values of
the Bribri community; manage forest conservation areas; develop agricultural
activities that present a sustainable development model; institutionalize a selfsustainable indigenous Bribri organization.
 http://www.redindigena.net/bribripa/quienes.html
Located close by in the Bríbripa indigenous reserve, this Volunteers in the World
opportunity takes place in the mountain ranges of Talamanca. The indigenous
people’s culture, stories, customs, legends, rituals, traditions, and close relationship
with nature will expand horizons and provide life-altering experiences. Opportunities
are available within school, construction and indigenous empowerment programs.
Depending on the program of choice, volunteers will take part in a range of activities
on a daily basis, ranging from creating campaigns to better the community, teaching
school children English or French, reconstructing public infrastructures, or even
supporting organic producers in improving their products and expanding their
market.
 http://www.voluntariosenelmundo.com/paises-donde-colaboramos2/centroamerica/costa-rica/proyecto-educativo
International professionals founded Planet Conservation in order to specialize in
environmental topics focused on education and conservation. The organization offers
volunteers in Costa Rica the opportunity to make meaningful contributions by
working closely with local people and organizations. International teams are working
to raise environmental awareness around the country, in social and creative projects
with special needs children, developing new ideas for recycling cooperatives in
underprivileged communities, developing their ability to follow through with ideas
and protecting endangered animals in Costa Rica’s amazing ecosystems.
 http://www.planetconservation.com/web%20espanol/volunteer.html
Volunteers in direct or indirect lines of care for senior residents in the Hands of Jesus
Nursing Home perform activities such as providing companionship, listening to their
stories, helping with personal care and eating, organizing opportunities for
recreation and participating in special event activities. The facility is flexible in
welcoming students who wish to complete long-term community service
requirements or even the occasional volunteer is only looking to offer their services
for specific events.
 http://www.hmjcr.org/voluntariado.htm
The ELI International Volunteers specialize in five particular segments –childcare,
women’s support services, local education, healthcare, financing and ecological
conservation– offering a plethora of options for those who would wish to implement
their volunteer efforts in a social setting.
 http://www.voluntariosinternacionales.org/costa-rica-voluntariadopasantias

Offering volunteers both short- and long-term programs as well as individual or
group experiences, ACI Costa Rica promotes and facilitates international volunteer
and cultural exchange programs for young people from all around the world. ACI
intends to contribute to the solidarity and friendship between the people of this
shrinking planet by creating globally aware citizens. Their work takes place
throughout Costa Rica, with projects varying by location.
 http://www.aci.cr/
Situated in Costa Rica’s Southern Pacific region, the Osa Conservation Area contains
nearly 2.5% of the planet’s biodiversity despite its small size. MarViva works hand in
hand with fishers from the area to offer them training and strengthening in the
development of programs that will allow them, in a way that is compatible with the
marine resource, to make a living from different activities related to tourism and
responsible fishing. The foundation also fosters community coastal organization with
an emphasis on responsible fishing and mangrove management, in order to achieve
the active participation and empowerment of local leaders in spaces for discussion
and national harmonization in Marine Spatial Planning.
 http://www.marviva.net/index.php/en/
Costa Rica is also dedicated to the empowerment of its people. Caminos de
Liderazgo, a program out of Stanford University, develops leadership skills, and
creates a tourism offering based in the vibrant culture of the region. Participants
come together to share their vision for their businesses and participated in activities
focused on leadership, tourism, sustainability, and culture. The program is a
collaboration between local leaders and entrepreneurs, the CRUSA Foundation,
INOGO, SINAC, and RBA with the support of businesses such as Nature Air, Travel
Excellence and Horizontes. The program will work with about 30 regional leaders to
achieve increased prosperity for the inhabitants, their local cultures, and biodiversity
of the region.
 http://inogo.stanford.edu/programs/leadership-program?language=en
LANGUAGE
It’s easy to combine voluntourism with other types of travel. Visitors interested in
studying Spanish, for example, can make use of programs offered by the Costa Rican
Language Academy, which organizes volunteer activities in a variety of fields for
students, allowing them to practice what they’ve learned as they help make Costa Rica
an even better place to live and visit.
 http://www.spanishandmore.com/spanish/volunteer.htm
At the Educating Children Foundation, the main goal is to teach children English
while staying in the homes of the local community. Some helpers find their experience
so enriching, that they decide to continue to help from home in a very innovative way
by offering two hours of conversational English training though Skype.
 http://www.educatingchildren.org/es/Voluntarios.asp

3.8 BIRDING
Bird watching in Costa Rica is an activity that will please the entire family. The
country’s great variety of microclimates, from rain forests to swamps to cloud forests,
are often found close together and facilitate viewing a vast variety of birds. To protect
the precious species, especially those endangered, 21 important bird areas (IBAs)
have been established, spanning over half the country’s land.
Bird novices and advanced birders alike will appreciate two can’t-miss bird types: the
resplendent quetzal and the scarlet macaw. The quetzal is a brilliantly colored bird
that in ancient times was worshipped by the Mayans and Aztecs. It can be glimpsed
at Cerro de la Muerte, translated as “The Mountain of Death,” which is one of the
highest points in Costa Rica and serves as a popular bird watching spot. The largest
parrot in North and South America, the scarlet macaw, is difficult to miss due to the
combination of its vibrant color and its loud calls.
Including these two bird types, there are estimated to be 900 bird species that can be
appreciated in Costa Rica. From that number, six are endemic, or native to certain
regions of Costa Rica: the Cocos Cuckoo; Cocos Flycatcher; and Cocos Finch of the
Coco Island. The other three are found in the Costa Rica mainland: the Black-cheeked
Ant-Tanager; the Coppery-headed Emerald; and the Mangrove, the latter two are
hummingbirds.
In addition to the many national parks and forests that serve as a natural habitat for
birds, key birding regions include the North and South Pacific, the Caribbean Coast,
the mountains of the Northern Plains and the Central Valley, which includes
metropolitan areas such as Costa Rica’s capital San José. For a natural respite in the
midst of bustling San José, Parque del Este is home to unique bird varieties such as
the radiant oropendolas and blue-crowned motmots.
Costa Rica is home to 37 threatened or near threatened species of birds, as well as six
endemic species (found only in Costa Rica). Many birds migrate south during the
winter, so birdwatchers from the north can enjoy seeing familiar birds from their
homes along with the unique Costa Rican birds.
More than 200 bird species can be found inside Caño Negro and its environment is
especially vital for those species that migrate from the north. Many of the birds found
in Caño Negro include anhingas, the ibis, jabirú storks, roseate spoonbill, a large
population of cormorants, northern jacanas, ducks and egrets.
Southeast of Caño Negro, Puerto Viejo in the area of Sarapiquí, is considered one of
the best areas for birding watching in Costa Rica. Almost 50 percent of the species of
birds in Costa Rica can be found in the region. Common birds on the grounds of Selva
Verde off the Sarapiquí River include violaceous trogon, slaty-tailed trogon, keelbilled toucan, collared aracari, white-necked puffbird, snowy cotinga, red-throated

ant-tanager, northern barred-woodcreeper, fasciated tiger-heron, buff-rumped
warbler, the gray-necked wood-rail and many more.
In Sarapiquí’s Braulio Carrillo National Park a different habitat exists just before
entering the Caribbean Lowlands. A rich mix of birds such as the dull-mantled antbird,
ocellated antbird, black-crowned antpitta, spotted barbtail, white-whiskered
puffbird, rufous-winged tanager, ornate hawk-eagle, and on occasion the laceolated
monklet, rufous-vented ground-cuckoo, sharpbill, rufous-fronted wood-quail, crested
eagle and gray-headed piprites will appear. Birding is also quite good in La Tirimbina
rain forest where bird enthusiasts can find spotted antbird, bicolored antbird, song
wren, white-fronted nun bird, the northern barred woodcreeper among others.
Palo Verde National Park is home to many storks, egrets, ibis, grebes and spoonbills,
the great curassow, toucans and macaws. Alongside the Tempisque River, one will
most likely be able to find the largest nesting site for the black-crowned night-herons.
April brings the first rains and the forest flourishes once again. Leaves begin to sprout
from the bare tree branches as floodwaters drench the alluvial plains that feed the
Tempisque basin, attracting tens of thousands of migratory ducks.
Without a doubt, birding is the principal draw of visitors to Palo Verde National Park.
Birding is particularly good because there is very little vegetation to obstruct views
of the roosting fauna. As resources grow scarce, the birds cluster by waterholes,
making for easier viewing. Also, many migratory birds make their way to this region
during the summer months.
If time permits only one stop for bird watching, travelers can visit the Santa Rosa
National Park, home to more than 250 species of birds. One of the most recognizable
bird types, the colorful toucan, can be found in Santa Rosa. For those heading along
the Caribbean coast, there are various prime bird-watching spots which boast of more
than 300 bird species, including several species of heron.
Numerous tour operators organize bird watching expeditions for visitors. Guides
offer light hikes or boat trips ranging from a morning excursion to weeklong or longer
trips to see the many varieties in depth. With so many different ecosystems close
together, it is guaranteed that there will always be a bird sighting. It is expected that
in a 10 day tour, bird watchers can expect to see anywhere between 300 and 400
birds, and with the guidance of local experts and ornithologists, it will definitely be
an enriching educational experience as well.
Excellent resources to look into for more detailed birding information are:
 Asociación de Guías de Costa Rica, ACOGUITUR
o http://es.costaricabeauty.com/viewprofile.aspx?i=1190&n=Asociaci
%C3%B3n-Costarricense-de-Gu%C3%ADas-T%C3%BAristicos—
ACOGUITUR

 Asociación Costarricense de profesionales en turismo, ACOPROT
o http://www.acoprot.org/
 ICT’s official tour operator list
o http://www.visitcostarica.com/ict/paginas/categoria.asp?idcate=67
&sPais=14&cst=1

CULTURE

4.1 COSTA RICA CALENDAR OF EVENTS
FIESTAS OF PALMARES
January
Beginning in the second week of January visitors can experience local food and drinks, music,
dancing, parades, fireworks and of course Costa Rican bullfighting and horse parades. One of
the largest events in Costa Rica, the parade of lanterns, and a variety of athletic competitions,
including mountain biking and soccer, are also popular events during this festival.
FIESTAS TIPICAS SANTA CRUZ
January 14
This religious celebration honors the Black Christ of Esquipulas, a famous Guatemalan statue.
The festival includes folk dancing, marimba music and bullfights.
GAM CULTURAL ART CITY TOUR
February – December
Third Wednesday of each month
5 pm – 9pm
This cultural gathering offers visitors free evening access to participating cultural venues in
downtown San José. Art tours depart from the Museo de Arte y Diseño Contemporáneo, Museos
del Banco Central, Museo Nacional, Museo del Jade and Museo de Arte Costarricense.
 www.gamcultural.com/

CARNAVAL DE PUNTARENAS
February
One of the most popular celebrations in Costa Rica, Carnaval de Puntarenas celebrates the
Pearl of the Pacific and draws thousands of spectators. This celebration features parades, a
beauty pageant, live music, dancing and traditional street food. This event benefits several
local businesses, since most are located along the boulevard called Paseo de los Turistas,
which is on the beach and offers popular food and drinks such as Vigorón and the refreshing
Churchill, an icy dessert prepared with either condensed milk, powdered milk or, for an extra
treat, ice cream.
FERIA DEL CAFÉ
January
Taking place in Frailes, which is located in the Central Valley region, the Feria Del Café (Coffee
Fair) is attended by coffee pickers, retailers, tourists and everyone in between. Visitors to the
event are entertained with music, dances, a coffee picking competition in which the attendees
participate and winners are awarded prizes, the election of the “coffee queen” and religious
ceremonies. Throughout the event coffee growers roast, brew and serve coffee to guests and
the association’s judges.
 www.feriadelcafe.co.cr
 info@feriadelcafe.co.cr
FESTIVAL NACIONAL DE LAS MULAS
January – February
Held annually in Parrita, Festival Nacional de las Mulas(Mule Festival) began as a way to have
fun for a few farmers. Over the years, it has become a tradition for the people in Parrita. La
Asociación para el Bienestar Parriteño (ASOBIPA) is the organizer of this event which attracts

international and national tourists. The main event is the mule race which takes place on the
mulódromo but that isn’t the only attraction. There are also riding competitions, the selection
of Miss Parrita, dances, craft shows, livestock and agricultural shows, typical fair food and the
atmosphere of La Mulita Alegre bar.
OROFRUTA
March
This annual fruit festival takes place in the town of Orotina which is known for having a large
number of fruit stands at the side of the highway. Tourists and locals can enjoy many activities
including live music and a beauty pageant.
TOUR DEL LAGO ARENAL
March
Overlooking Lake Arenal is the renowned Arenal volcano, which provides a scenic view to
one of the most significant mountain biking events in Latin America, Vuelta al Lago, which
translates to “around the lake.” This two-day event, that continues to attract riders from all
over the world, circuits a 158 km ride around Lake Arenal. Bikers who know the terrain come
prepared with their mountain bikes.
 http://www.vueltaallagoarenal.com/
FERIA DEL GUSTICO
March
This fair is a unique opportunity to sample many products from small producers while
enjoying cultural activities as well. Taking place in the Old Customs Building in San José, this
is an excellent fair for a tourist to attend as there are over 180 companies providing samples
of a wide variety of products. Some of the products include coffee, jams, dairy, preserves,
gourmet cheeses, gluten-free products, plants, flowers, chocolates, pasta, aloe-flavored
drinks, jewelry, clothing and recycled materials.
DÍA NACIONAL DEL BOYERO
March
Celebrated on the second Sunday of March in the town of San Antonio de Escazu, Día Nacional
del Boyero (Oxcart Driver’s Day) is one of the most colorful celebrations in Costa Rica. The
oxcart has been the national symbol of labor in Costa Rica for generations. At the center of
the event is a parade of over a hundred beautifully handmade and painted oxcarts followed
by a celebration with food, dancing and people in traditional costumes. The festival originated
from times when the oxcart was used for transporting coffee from Central Valley to
Puntarenas.
DÍA DE SAN JOSÉ
March 19
Celebrated across Costa Rica, Día de San José is particularly special because Saint Joseph is
also the patron saint of San José, the capital city. This is a religious celebration with special
masses, displays of beautiful pieces of artwork, parades and food.
FESTIVAL INTERNACIONAL DE LAS ARTES
April (Every two years, last one was held in 2014)
The Festival Internacional de las Artes is a program organized by the Ministry of Culture and
Youth (MCJ). The event brings together the best national and international artists providing

attendees with the opportunity to enjoy artwork, live theater, music and dance performances.
Every exhibition pays tribute to a country with 2014’s selection being Russia.
 www.festivaldelasartes.go.cr
FESTIVAL NACIONAL DE LAS ARTES
April (Every two years, last one was held in 2013)
The Festival Nacional de las Artes is a program organized by the Ministry of Culture and Youth
(MCJ). The event brings together the best national artists providing attendees with the
opportunity to enjoy artwork, live theater, music and dance performances. Every exhibition
is designated by executive decree as a national event of cultural interest.
 https://www.facebook.com/fiacostarica/info
IFGA OFFSHORE WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP
April
The Offshore World Championship is the globe’s largest and most anticipated international
deep sea fishing competition, offering seasoned anglers four action-packed days to win the
coveted first place title for the largest number of record-setting game fish caught and
released.
 www.offshoreworldchampionship.com
JUAN SANTAMARIA’S DAY
April 11
A national holiday in Costa Rica, Juan Santamaria’s Day is held to commemorate the death of
the soldier who is officially recognized as the national hero. He is considered so because it is
believed that on April 11, 1856 Santamaria single handedly turned back an invasion and in
the process lost his life. His action contributed to a Costa Rican victory which would lead to
the nation becoming a free and independent country. Juan Santamaria is honored by two
statues in Costa Rica: one in Alajuela and the other in front of the Congress in San José. The
main international airport in Costa Rica is also named for him.
ATENAS CLIMATE FAIR AND OXCART PARADE
April
Organized by the Costa Rica Tourism Board (ICT), the Chamber of Tourism and Commerce of
Atenas, CATUCA and the Atenas Cattle Driver Association, this event has been developing
over the last eight years. The goal is to bring locals and tourists to Atenas annually to
celebrate their reputation for having “the best climate in the world” according to an article
featured in National Geographic magazine. There is also a historical significance since Atenas
was a key site on the road taken by the oxcarts which carried coffee to the port of Puntarenas.
During this celebration the town is filled with color and traditional activities.
EXPOTUR
May
EXPOTUR brings together more than 300 representatives from the tourism sector. This
event, organized by the Costa Rican Association of Tourism Professionals (ACOPROT),
highlights a wide variety of tourism products ranging from major attractions to products and
services. Additionally, EXPOTUR aims to familiarize the industry with Costa Rica’s tourism
offerings and experiences through a series of pre- and post-event tours.
 www.expotur.com
FESTIVAL AFROCULTURAL LIMON ROOTS

July – August
Advertised as “the biggest cultural, artistic and danceable” event in the history of Costa Rica,
Limón Roots magazine hosts festivities around the country. Scheduled events have included
jams, an awards ceremony and an African-themed fashion show.
FIESTA DE LA VIRGEN DEL MAR
July 16
Celebrated on the Puntarenas Beach, Fiesta de la Virgen del Mar (Festival of the Virgin of the
Sea) is a colorful festival with parades and ornate boats with lights and flags paying homage
to the Virgen del Carmen. This celebration always takes place during the day on the weekend
closest to July 16th.
ANEXIÓN DEL PARTIDO DE NICOYA
July 25
Also known as Guanacaste Day, this is a celebration of Guanacaste’s annexation from
Nicaragua in 1824. Everyone is invited to enjoy the festivities which include traditional music,
typically played by a quartet and xylophone. Many people also wear their traditional
costumes and dance to marimba music. Costumed couples perform “Punto Guanacasteco,”
the region’s folkloric dance, which has become the national dance. The cities of Liberia and
Nicoya become the center of the action hosting concerts, dancing and bullfights.
ROMERIA A LA VIRGEN DE LOS ANGELES
August 2
This is the annual pilgrimage day of the patron virgin of Costa Rica. Nearly a million people
gather to walk from San José to the Basílica in Cartago (approximately 15 miles or 24 km).
ENTRADA DE LOS SANTOS
August 30
More than two dozen statues of saints from various towns are brought to San Ramon, where
they are paraded through the streets. This celebration features live music, a variety of
entertainment activities and traditional festival food.
DÍA DE LA PERSONA NEGRA Y LA CULTURA AFROCARIBEÑA
August 31
This Caribbean celebration includes a gala parade in Limon, a range of cultural activities, jazz
concerts, conferences and educational forums, traditional games for kids, cultural
performances, food and more. The event also includes a number of symbolic activities and
civic ceremonies paying tribute to honorees.
INDEPENDENCE DAY
September 15
Independence Day commemorates Costa Rica’s independence from Spanish rule in 1821.
This national holiday is marked by students in schools across the country hoisting the
national flag, completing parades and putting on performances for the community. Parades
also take place all across Costa Rica the night of the 14th, and at exactly 6:00 p.m. the entire
nation joins in the national anthem. The Independence Torch, which is another symbol of
Costa Rica’s liberation from Spain, is carried by thousands of students from Guatemala to
Costa Rica’s southern region. In Cartago, the former capital city of Costa Rica, there is a
traditional celebration that takes place.

DÍA DE LAS CULTURAS
October 12
Celebrated on October 12th, Día de las Culturas is Columbus Day in Costa Rica. This holiday
celebrates the country’s ethnic and cultural diversity.
CARNAVAL DE LIMÓN
October
This Caribbean street party takes place the week of Columbus Day and is one of the most
famous Costa Rican festivals. Described as a smaller-scale version of Mardi Gras, the
celebration includes floats, dancing and extravagant street celebrations commemorating
Columbus’s first arrival to Costa Rica.
LA RUTA DE LOS CONQUISTADORES
November
La Ruta de Los Conquistadoresis Costa Rica’s premier mountain bike race and one of the most
difficult athletic events on the planet. The world’s original multi-day fat-tire stage race, La
Ruta, is the “Grandfather” that created and inspired this now-worldwide genre.
 www.adventurerace.com
DÍA DE LOS DIFUNTOS
November 2
All Soul’s Day is observed across Latin America. Costa Ricans visit the cemeteries of their
loved ones and decorate their graves with flowers. Catholic masses are also held.
NATIONAL TOURISM FAIR
November
This gathering of the Costa Rican tourism industry aims to strengthen the promotion of
domestic tourism. Among the participants are tour operators, national parks, hosting
companies, car rental agencies and rural tourism representatives.
ENTRADA DE SANTOS Y DESFILE DE BOYEROS
November
The city of San José, with the support of Asociación Boyera Nacional, plays host to this parade
and celebration which honors the traditional oxcart and cattle. This event brings together
hundreds of cattlemen from all over the country showcasing their wagons and oxen. During
the parade, families enjoy typical music and traditional folk dance groups.
FESTIVAL DE LA LUZ
December
Festival de la Luz is a popular festival that takes place in the city of San José. It includes an
evening parade with beautifully lit floats (in which the Costa Rica Tourism Board also
provides a signature float) and fireworks. This celebration is typically associated with the
year-end holidays.
 www.festivaldelaluz.cr
MARATHON COSTA RICA
December
This top-notch marathon is organized by La Asociación Marathón Internacional Costa Rica
with a goal of providing athletes national and international certifications and endorsements.
 www.marathoncostarica.com

FESTEJOS POPULARES SAN JOSÉ
December 25 – January 1, 2015
The year-end festival guarantees that the old year goes out with a bang. Attendees enjoy
festivities held the last week of every year in Zapote, a suburb east of San José. The celebration
includes carnival rides, food stands, games, music and dancing.
TOPE NACIONAL
December 27
Considered part of Costa Rican folklore this horse parade, or tope, celebrates the Day of the
Costa Rican Horse Rider, and takes place in the heart of San José. The event showcases a wide
variety of different horse breeds donning their best saddles and is widely regarded as the
pinnacle event for those who enjoy equestrian and western style activities.
CARNAVAL NACIONAL
December
Carnaval Nacional is an annual street festival with live music, costumes, food, fanfare and
much more. Costumes, decorations and a parade are just a portion of this exciting event that
takes place in Desamparados, which is in the San José province.
ENAMORATE DE TU CIUDAD
Every Saturday
Enamorate de Tu Ciudad, which translates to fall in love with your city, brings modern Costa
Rican culture to life for locals and visitors alike in the capital city of San José. The program
began in 2011 by the Ministry of Culture & Youth with the hopes of bringing together the
community through engaging programming that promotes relaxation, entertainment,
education and physical activity. Cultural Corridor programming is held every Saturday from
10 a.m. to 5 p.m. at local parks in downtown San José including Parque España, Parque Jardín
de Paz, Parque Morazán and Parque la Merced. Scheduled activities change weekly and
include guided visits to museums, art classes, yoga, capoeira and swing dancing lessons,
music and circus performances, sports leagues, table games, artisan craft exhibits featuring
traditional crafts and environmentally friendly products, literary workshops and poetry
readings.
 www.enamoratedetuciudad.com

4.2 GASTRONOMY
Costa Rica’s culinary scene offers much more than its traditional staple of gallo pinto
(a rice and bean side dish). Tropical fruits, an abundance of meat and seafood from
the acres of pastures and the country’s two coasts and a myriad of dining options
provide a delicious variety of culinary offerings. As visitors travel into rain forest
areas, great inexpensive meals can be found easily and a stop at a mirador (restaurant
with a view) also offer amazing views of vast Costa Rican landscapes, from panoramic
mountains to exotic beaches. Those seeking a more upscale dining experience will be
delighted by the number of upscale dining options available throughout Costa Rica’s
tourist areas. A large-concentration of upscale dining venues can be found in the
bustling area of San José where visitors will be enchanted by a new generation of
chefs providing a modern take on classic Costa Rican dishes.
CENTRAL MARKET’S SODAS
Those who want to eat like the locals before heading off to the coast or rainforest can
stop in San Jose’s Central Market (Mercado Central), the largest market in the city,
which first opened in 1880. Travelers will find more than 200 shops, stalls, and
inexpensive, mom and pop restaurants called sodas, which you can also find all
throughout Costa Rica. These sodas typically offer a variety of traditional and popular
fare. Traditional dishes – as opposed to popular dishes – are home-cooked style meals
that can be traced back for generations. For example, casado is a hearty dish that
includes rice, beans, salad, and a vegetable side, served with either chicken, beef, pork
or fish.
FRUITS AND VEGETABLES
Although some fruits and vegetables are seasonal, Costa Rica boasts a variety of
delicious tropical fruits such as mangoes, papayas, pineapples, melons and bananas
and unique varieties such as marañón, the fruit of the cashew tree. Plantains, a
relative of the banana and found often in tropical climates, have a starchy flavor when
green and a sweet taste when ripe, frying being the most common way to prepare
them. Roadside stands offer visitors and locals refreshing coconut water, freshly cut
and served.
Vegetables are often part of a meal in Costa Rican cooking; there is always picadillo, a
vegetable and meat stew. Palmito, or a hearts of palm salad, features the cooked stalks
of small palm trees served with other fresh vegetables. Another edible treat from the
palm tree is the pejibaye, resembling an orange coconut. It is eaten cooked with a
squirt of mayonnaise and can be purchased at street carts in San Jose.
SNACKS AND APPETIZERS
Native Costa Ricans, or Ticos, as they call themselves, love snacking, particularly on
mini meat sandwiches called arreglados, as well as Tacos Ticos (a rolled up corn
tortilla filled with shredded beef and topped with cabbage, and a special tangy sauce,
empanadas and gallos (meat, chicken, cheese or beans with tortillas). Appetizers, or

bocas, are often served with drinks in bars. Common bocas include ceviche (marinated
raw seafood salad), patacones (fried green plantain chips) and fried cassava. Chifrijo
are also a favorite delight that consists of white rice on the bottom of the bowl, a layer
of savory beans crowned with a portion of chicharrón (small cooked pieces of pork),
topped by pico de gallo (a chopped blend of tomato, cilantro, onion, sweet pepper and
lime juice) and are served with crispy corn tortilla chips.
MEAT AND SEAFOOD
With an abundance of pastures and two coasts offering fresh seafood, Costa Rican
cuisine features many meat and seafood options. Olla de carne, a light beef stew with
vegetables, is a classic local dish and invariably the recipe is different in each Costa
Rican home. Roast pork and chicken are also very popular and are often prepared
roasted over wood for a smoky flavor.
Near the coasts, fresh seafood is readily available. The most popular fish is corvina,
or sea bass, which is prepared a number of ways, a must-try is Costa Rica’s Caribbean
take on ceviche (raw fish marinated in lemon juice with cilantro and onions, often
made with sweet chili). Shrimp and lobster are also available throughout the country
as well as dorado (mahi-mahi), swordfish, red snapper and others.
DESSERTS
Many of the sweets found in Costa Rica are prepared with condensed milk and raw
sugar. Cakes range from the pound cake-like queque seco, meaning “dry cake,” to the
incredibly moist and rich arroz con leche (rice pudding). Mazamorra is another
traditional dessert which resembles porridge, and is made by cooking corn in milk
and adding cloves, vanilla and corn starch. For a portable snack option, try cajetas, a
handmade type of fudge at roadside stands. Costa Rica also offers a variety of desserts
that vary by region and that also incorporate seasonal fruits such as
oranges, pejivalle or peach-palm, as well as ayote and chiverre squashes; the latter, is
cooked with brown sugar and stuffed inside delicious empanadas, particularly
popular during Holy Week. It is important to note that desserts vary by region and by
the fruit that’s in season, making the variety of Costa Rican pastries truly abundant.
BEVERAGES
Costa Rica offers a wide variety of beverages to enjoy from sunrise to sunset.
Travelers can start the morning on a sweet note with agua dulce, warm melted
sugarcane served straight or with milk or lemon. Refrescos, or frescos for short, are a
refreshing blend of fruit and ice, although other ingredients can be substituted such
as rice flour and cinnamon for a horchata. For those looking to try authentic alcoholic
beverages, are local breweries offering lager-style beer thanks to an influx of German
migrants, and coffee-based liqueurs are locally produced.
ETHNIC INFLUENCE
As an alternative to the traditional corner cafes, or “sodas,” visitors can venture into
cosmopolitan San Jose for a variety of different gastronomies. Peruvian,
Mediterranean and Japanese are just a sampling of the variety of cuisines available –

and most at a very reasonable price point. Similar to European cultures, diners can
linger for hours over a meal and guests will have to request checks as waiters will not
drop them automatically at the end of a meal per Costa Rican dining tradition.
CARIBBEAN FLAVORS
Travelers will find a distinctly unique cuisine on the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica.
Coconut and coconut milk play a large part in dishes. Another favorite side is the ripe,
yellow plantain. The two most common ways to prepare it is either by slicing it into
tajadas and frying it, or frying the whole, peeled plantain, and then slicing it through
the middle in order to add queso fresco and then leaving it in the oven for about 10
minutes. The results are amazing!
For those exploring Limon’s Caribbean coast, a patí will satisfy hunger between
meals. The pastry dough is prepared with annatto then stuffed with ground beef that
has been seasoned with curry, onions and peppers and finally cooked in an oven for
about 25 minutes. This portable snack is a fan-favorite for those who go to the local
stadiums to root for their beloved soccer team.
Even the staple of rice and beans has a Caribbean twist in this area; instead of using
black beans and the popular sofrito made with onions, peppers and cilantro, cooks
mix red beans and rice in oil and coconut milk which results in a sweet rather than
savory flavor. Visitors of the Caribbean coast are inclined to order Rondon
(“rundown”), a stew particular to the area, consisting of the seafood catch of the day,
fresh vegetables, and coconut cream.
A TASTE OF THE NORTHERN PACIFIC
Corn and rice are key ingredients in Guanacaste’s cuisine. Plenty of love is put into
the delicious “Tanelas Guanacastecas” (half-moon like pastries filled with cheese,
cinnamon and sugar), bizcochos (crunchy baked cheese cornmeal rings), and
sometimes served with a traditional breakfast drink is agua dulce (sweet water),
made from real sugar-cane juice and sometimes eaten with a delicious cuajada, a nonprocessed white cheese made by adding salt to milk production.
Tamales may be considered one of Costa Rica’s oldest food traditions, with an
elaborate preparation method that required the entire family and even close friends
to participate in its set-up. Costa Rican tamales are corn cakes stuffed with pork,
chicken or beans, along with assorted vegetables, yellow rice, and aromatic
seasonings. This would then be wrapped and tied in banana leaves, and boiled to
completion. Due to the elaborate steps needed to make tamales, it is common for
families to enjoy this delicacy around the holidays, especially during Christmas and
Holy Week.

Wellness

5.1 COSTA RICA’S GIFT OF HAPPINESS: WELLNESS
Costa Rica has been recognized as one of the most positive and happiest countries in
the world by both the Gallup World Index and the Happy Planet Index in 2011, 2012
and 2013. It is very common to receive sincere smiles and pura vida greetings by
locals and other tourists alike. Costa Rica’s level of joy, health and longevity can be
linked to wellness, highlighting its role in a person’s determination of happiness.
Those motivated by the pursuit of wellness will rejoice in the variety of activities
available upon arrival to Central America’s “rich coast”.
Many believe happiness resides in the Monteverde cloud forest where small groups
can elevate themselves through a canopy bridge tour and appreciate bird’s eye view
of the national park. With an estimated 901 different bird species and a wide array of
monkeys and sloths, animal sightings are guaranteed in the rainforests of Costa Rica
and many visitors partake in these activities to enhance relaxation and reduce stress
levels.
Finding wellness through yoga has become quite popular and many find yogi nirvana
in Costa Rica. More than a series of stretches that relax the mind and body, yoga is
also a system that uses diet, lifestyle guidelines as well as breathing, physical and
mental exercises to help enhance a more peaceful lifestyle and connect to the world.
Therefore, completing a yoga retreat in Puerto Viejo’s Caribbean surroundings help
participants align their beings and reach nirvana while testing their strength and
flexibility levels. Rustic, open-air studios in the same region’s village of Playa Cocles
integrates into the Zen experience which allows vacationing yoga enthusiasts to
release tensions that would keep them from reveling in everything pura vida stands
for.
A region of the country that is creating a leadership position for wellness activities is
the Southern Pacific. Both surf camps and yoga teaching centers have opened lodging
facilities in order to house those who want to take their hobbies to the next level.
Surrounded by organic community gardens, these havens offer a holistic wellness
opportunity to those who venture to Quepos, Uvita, Dominical or Ojochal. Some
opportunities find a way to combine yoga with surf or paddleboards.
A guided meditation to the sound of waterfalls in Bajos del Toro, followed by a
relaxing massage at any of the luxury resorts in the country are available wellness
options that can lead to the Tico gift of happiness. Others will feel more in tune with
their inner-self by snorkeling alongside the underwater inhabitants of Costa Rica’s
most important coral reef in the Cahuita National Park.
While wellness activities bring visitors one step closer to happiness, the joy of food
can complete that journey. Ticos are experts at devising delicious meals with the
freshest ingredients and have been firm believers in the farm-to-table trend since
before it was popular. The option to explore the local Central Market in San José and

choose from the colorful array of locally grown fruits and vegetables will have visitors
feeling one with Mother Earth. Seasonal items are found in weekend farmers markets
across the country. Local sodas, or small takeout stands, offer varied menus that
change each day and highlight the taste of each region.
Enjoying five-star cuisine is part of many an agenda and downtown San José hosts
many international options to satisfy the most particular palates. Many restaurants
offer fusion delicacies by incorporating Costa Rican ingredients harvested from their
own gardens to recipes respected around the world. The satisfaction provided by a
well-devised meal is enough to put a smile on anyone’s face.

Weddings

6.1 WEDDINGS AND HONEYMOONS IN COSTA RICA
A casually chic beach ceremony overlooking a spectacular sunset is a spectacular
sight, but being able to enjoy the rush of adrenaline from zip-lining through a rain
forest during one’s honeymoon the very next day, makes Costa Rica an amazing
options for couples considering a destination wedding. The Central American
playground also promises honeymoon experiences that the enamored couple will
remember forever.
To tie the knot, venues include luxury resorts, charming boutique hotels, and intimate
villas. Guests can choose from a number of backdrops such as beautiful waterfalls in
the area surrounding the Manuel Antonio National Park, picturesque mountains
overlooking the Pacific Ocean, a luxurious beach escape in the Papagayo region or
perhaps a quiet retreat at a romantic hideaway in the off-the-beaten-path Nicoya
Peninsula. Many hotels offer wedding and honeymoon packages. Complementing that
with complete planning services from experts in tropical destination weddings, allow
couples to enjoy their surroundings in bliss.
For newlywed couples there are a wealth of options to enjoy during a honeymoon.
Romantic activities include horseback riding in the Alajuela region, hiking through
rain forests together where couples will spot beautiful wildlife in places such as the
Manuel Antonio National Park, rappelling down waterfalls and kayaking along
beautiful rivers. For a unique adventure experience, couples can challenge
themselves hiking underground rivers and caves in the Venado Caves in the Arenal
Volcano region.
Couples who have decided to give love another shot and are bringing together
children from previous marriages will find that Costa Rica presents the opportunity
for the whole family to delight in “familymoons”. Parents and children can choose to
enjoy snorkeling excursions in the Caribbean coast, trips to the Children’s Museum in
the capital city of San José or go horseback riding, which can take you through
pastures and tropical forests. The trip will offer excellent bonding moments that will
set the tone for the new family’s life together.
One feature of a Costa Rican honeymoon is the adventure-laden regions that also offer
numerous relaxing activities for couples to simply enjoy each other’s company.
Options include taking in the breathtaking views of the Arenal Volcano while soaking
in the region’s hot springs, sailing away on a romantic sunset cruise in the Gulf of

Papagayo and partaking in a dolphin or whale watching excursion off the coast of
Corvocado. A full-body chocolate scrub or a pampering couples’ massage in a private
suite is the perfect way to end a day of adventure or complement a tranquil vacation.
Those couples looking for a more humanitarian experience can enjoy a wide array of
options including saving turtles, cleaning beaches, or teaching children how to speak
English. Many newlyweds make the most of this opportunity to learn more about the
local customs and integrate themselves in the local culture while giving back to a
community. Life altering volunteer experiences have led couples to start planning a
return trip before they go back home.
Costa Rica has received numerous awards and accolades, including distinctions as a
top ten honeymoon destination by Brides Magazine and the Signature Travel
Network and a Modern Bride World’s Trendiest Honeymoon Local Award. For those
couples that are eco-enthusiasts, the Costa Rican government has created the
Certificate for Sustainable Tourism (CST) program, a tourism rating system that
guests can check to ensure sustainability of hotels, restaurants, tour operators and
car rental companies.

Meetings

7.1 MEETINGS & CONVENTIONS
Costa Rica sets the standard for one-of-a-kind meetings, conventions and events.
With all of the state-of-the-art services and amenities needed to execute meetings
large or small, Costa Rica’s exotic landscape and unique adventures (think terrific
team-building events) set the stage for a memorable group experience. The
destination offers modern facilities that can accommodate everything from executive
retreats and special interest groups to incentive travel and corporate meetings with
first-class service, in every region. It is expected that the country will welcome its
first National Convention Center for summer 2016, which will accommodate for
conferences, exhibitions, large and small meetings alike.
LOCATION
Situated between two continents, Costa Rica is easily accessible from most major
cities in North America, South America and Europe. The destination has two
international airports serving 15 foreign airlines with an estimated 431 flights
arriving per week.
CONVENTION CENTER
In the capital city of San José, the country’s first large National Convention Center is
underway and will be complete in 2016. Boasting 19,000 square feet of exhibition
space and smaller break out rooms, the new complex will be LEED certified and
designed to become a smart event space for small or large functions and gatherings.
GETTING AROUND
As a leading destination for travel and tourism, Costa Rica has the infrastructure in
place to easily support group travel. Roads are good and transportation vehicles
(vans, buses and motor coaches) are well-kept; they can be easily arranged by
meeting planners.
CULTURE
Costa Ricans are proud of their heritage and an event in Costa Rica wouldn’t be
complete without incorporating the warm hospitality and culture of its people.
Groups can organize a large-scale Costa Rican-style rodeo or a simple traditional
dinner in any number of charming locales to incorporate a touch of authentic Costa
Rican culture.
ACTIVITIES
The unique landscape that makes up the country creates diverse adventures for
groups to explore. From zip lining and hiking in the rain forest to surfing and whale
watching on the coasts, Costa Rica offers a setting that makes it easy to create once in
a lifetime experiences and exceptional opportunities for team building activities. Of
course, traditional activities abound with golf, spa and beach packages available
throughout the region.

BEACHES
With more than 1,000 miles of shoreline spanning both the Pacific and the Caribbean
coasts, there is no shortage of spectacular beaches awaiting groups in Costa Rica.
Whether seeking the action of a surf lesson or simply looking to lounge during a team
outing in the sun, Costa Rica’s pristine beaches offer up a wealth of options that suit
every activity level and preference.
SPACE
Member hotels and resorts offer a variety of settings from elegant to comfortable,
accommodating every need and budget. Alternative locations such as a butterfly
garden, coffee plantation, the National Museum or the Costa Rica Country Club can be
a unique choice for groups interested in innovative meetings or events.

Costa Rica Press
Materials

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